Q switched nd-YAG laser
Laser treatment is one of the most common procedures that can treat several issues. The treatment works by emitting a wavelength of high energy light which is focused on a certain skin condition. The high energy light creates a huge amount of heat and destroys the diseased cells. There are various kinds of lasers which are available, Nd: YAG laser is one of them.
Nd: YAG laser
Nd: YAG is neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet which is actually a crystal that is used as laser medium for the solid-state laser. The triply ionized neodymium typically replaces a small fraction of the yttrium ions in the host crystal structure, due to the similarity of their ion sizes. The Nd: YAG laser has a wavelength of 1064 nm and has the ability to reach deeper layers of the skin tissue than other types of laser.
In the Q- switched mode, Nd: YAG produces 2 wavelengths- infrared range (1064nm) and the second beam of 352 nm wavelength which is very useful to treat superficial skin lesions. Q-switching is referred to candidates opting this technique of making the laser produce a high-intensity beam in very short pulses. It is used to treat several disorders like vascular lesions, pigmented lesions, hair and tattoo removal.
Side Effects of Nd: YAG Laser Treatment
- Pain during the treatment
- Redness, swelling and itching immediately after undergoing the procedure
- Rarely blistering may also occur, though that may settle down itself
- Some changes in skin pigmentation may occur due to damage caused to the melanocyte cells. Damage to it will give rise to conditions like hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation of skin. Cosmetic lasers work better on people with lighter skin tone than those of the darker skin tones
- Bacterial infection and bruising are the rare complications associated with it
What does the Laser Procedure Involve?
To undergo a safe procedure, it is important to opt treatment from genuine clinics under the supervision of specially trained technicians. The pre and post procedure instructions must be followed to avoid complications and to accomplish the best result. A topical anesthetic is used before beginning with the procedure and ice pack will be required to cool the skin during the treatment. A bandage is used to cover the area of treatment immediately after the procedure.